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Sleep Medicine pp 223-228 | Cite as

Idiopathic Hypersomnia

  • Sona NevsimalovaEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

More than half a century ago, Prof. Roth recognized a leading symptom of idiopathic hypersomnia—sleep drunkenness—and described the first patients with prolonged nocturnal sleep accompanied by excessive daytime sleepiness with long unrefreshing naps and protracted and difficult awakening. The term idiopathic hypersomnia was given a variety of clinical labels including idiopathic central nervous hypersomnia or hypersomnolence, functional hypersomnia, mixed or harmonious hypersomnia, hypersomnia with automatic behavior, and nonrapid eye movement (REM) narcolepsy. Two different clinical forms recommended by Prof. Roth—polysymptomatic and monosymptomatic—disappeared for decades. Thanks to Prof. Billiard’s unflagging effort, two forms—idiopathic hypersomnia with long and without long sleep time—reappeared in the latest International Classification of Sleep Disorders, second edition (ICSD-2) classification. However, the biological background of these clinical entities remains unknown, and much effort is needed to shed more light on its pathophysiology.

Keywords

Prof. Roth—idiopathic hypersomnia—monosymptomatic Polysymptomatic forms with long sleep Without long sleep 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Neurology, 1st Faculty of MedicineCharles UniversityPrague 2Czech Republic

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