• George E. Mobus
  • Michael C. Kalton
Part of the Understanding Complex Systems book series (UCS)


Biological evolution turns out to be a special case, albeit an extremely important one, of a more general or universal process of increasing levels of organization and complexity of select systems over time. So long as energy flows there will be a tendency toward greater organization and increases in complexity of various subsystems. We examine several examples of evolution at work in several contexts beyond just the biological one. Even our technologies are subject to the rules of evolution as are culture and societies in general. Of particular interest is the nature of coevolution, that is, the way in which mutually interacting systems affect the further developments of one another.


Biological Evolution Knowledge Structure Cultural Evolution Positive Feedback Dynamic Universal Principle 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • George E. Mobus
    • 1
  • Michael C. Kalton
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty in Computer Science & Systems, Computer Engineering & Systems Institute of TechnologyUniversity of Washington TacomaTacomaUSA
  2. 2.Faculty in Interdisciplinary Arts & SciencesUniversity of Washington TacomaTacomaUSA

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