Cranioplasty: Development and Clinical Use in Neurosurgery

  • Kyle J. Riley
  • Anthony B. Costa
  • Joshua B. Bederson
  • Raj Shrivastava


Cranioplasty has evolved a great deal in the last few years. With the advent of newer technology, all aspects of cranioplasty - planning, materials, and production - have improved. Today, neurosurgeons can repair increasingly complex cranial defects. Recent studies have focused on both surgical-specific factors, such as procedure timing and materials, and patient-specific factors, like age and medical conditions, to reduce the complication rate. This chapter provides a brief overview of the history of cranioplasty, a variety of the common materials and technologies used today, a number of clinical considerations, and some of the exciting ongoing research.


Cranioplasty 3D modeling Biological materials Neurosurgery innovation Surgical implants 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kyle J. Riley
    • 1
  • Anthony B. Costa
    • 2
  • Joshua B. Bederson
    • 2
  • Raj Shrivastava
    • 2
  1. 1.Icahn School of Medicine at Mount SinaiNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Department of NeurosurgeryThe Mount Sinai Hospital, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount SinaiNew YorkUSA

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