Introduction to Digital Technologies in Craniomaxillofacial Surgery

  • Alex M. Greenberg


The purpose of this textbook is to review digital technologies in craniomaxillofacial surgery that have become important new tools for surgeons. From the rapid development of new digital imaging technology such as cone beam CT (CBCT) to the software programs that are able to utilize their data, a wide variety of powerful applications have been developed. Examples of these applications include the use of virtual surgical planning (VSP) for the planning and intraoperative implementation of orthognathic surgery, resection and immediate reconstruction of tumors, distraction osteogenesis, cosmetic facial implants, dental implant placement, and facial fractures. Highly accurate 3D models and surgical templates can be fabricated to support these various craniomaxillofacial surgical procedures using stereolithographic and rapid printing. CBCT, which has become widely available as an outpatient office scanning procedure, has a significantly lower radiation exposure and provides high levels of 3D imaging at a reduced cost. Data from CBCT can be uploaded to various vendors for use with virtual surgical planning (VSP).


Digital Stereolithographic Virtual surgical planning Cutting guides Occlusal splints Facial transplantation Fibular graft Orthognathic Cranioplasty Dental implant Navigation Radiation therapy Facial implants 


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Oral and Maxillofacial SurgeryColumbia University College of Dental MedicineNew YorkUSA

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