Fiber-Optical 3D Shape Sensing

  • Christian Waltermann
  • Jan Koch
  • Martin Angelmahr
  • Jörg Burgmeier
  • Markus Thiel
  • Wolfgang SchadeEmail author
Part of the Springer Series in Optical Sciences book series (SSOS, volume 189)


Fiber Bragg grating (FBG) technology is well known since more than three decades. It started in 1978 with the discovery of photosensitivity in optical fibers by Ken Hill et al. [1] when illuminating germanium-doped silica fibers with visible argon ion laser radiation. In this context, first periodic refractive index variation was introduced into the core of such special optical fibers. However, for nearly one decade, there was found no real application of these fundamental observations. The major breakthrough for Bragg gratings came in 1988 with the report on holographic writing applying single-photon absorption in the ultraviolet by Metz et al. [2]. They demonstrated reflection gratings using two interfering laser beams imaged into the fiber core. This was the starting point for several applications of FBGs ranging from reflection gratings used in telecommunication, high reflectivity end reflectors in fiber lasers, or sensor applications for monitoring mechanical strain and temperature.


Femtosecond Laser Fiber Bragg Grating Fiber Core Fiber Bragg Grating Sensor Sensor Plane 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This work was partly supported by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research under the contract 13N12524.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christian Waltermann
    • 1
  • Jan Koch
    • 1
  • Martin Angelmahr
    • 1
  • Jörg Burgmeier
    • 1
  • Markus Thiel
    • 1
  • Wolfgang Schade
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Fraunhofer Heinrich-Hertz-Institut (HHI)GoslarGermany
  2. 2.Institut für Energieforschung und Physikalische Technologien (IEPT), Energie-Forschungszentrum Niedersachsen (EFZN)Technische Universität ClausthalGoslarGermany
  3. 3.Fraunhofer Heinrich-Hertz-Institut (HHI)GoslarGermany

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