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Retroperitoneoscopic Approaches for Infected Necrotizing Pancreatitis

  • Janneke van Grinsven
  • Marc G. Besselink
  • Olaf J. Bakker
  • Sandra van Brunschot
  • Marja A. Boermeester
  • Hjalmar C. van SantvoortEmail author
Chapter
  • 1.7k Downloads

Abstract

Over the last decades the treatment of severe acute pancreatitis has changed considerably. Interventional management is primarily indicated in case of infection of necrotizing pancreatitis, and intervention is postponed until pancreatic necrosis is walled-off. Minimally invasive radiological, endoscopic, and surgical techniques seem to have many advantages in comparison with open surgery.

Several techniques of minimally invasive necrosectomy have been developed to facilitate removal of infected necrosis. A retroperitoneoscopic approach is one of the most commonly used minimally invasive techniques. This chapter discusses the background, context, and techniques of retroperitoneoscopic approaches for infected necrotizing pancreatitis.

Percutaneous catheter drainage should be the first step of treatment in infected necrotizing pancreatitis. In about two-thirds of patients there is a need for additional necrosectomy. There are no randomized studies that have investigated which surgical technique for necrosectomy is superior in patients in whom percutaneous catheter drainage has failed. Sinus tract endoscopy and video-assisted retroperitoneal debridement (VARD) seem to be safe and effective retroperitoneoscopic techniques.

Keywords

Severe Acute Pancreatitis Pancreatic Necrosis Catheter Drainage Necrotizing Pancreatitis Percutaneous Catheter Drainage 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Janneke van Grinsven
    • 1
  • Marc G. Besselink
    • 2
  • Olaf J. Bakker
    • 3
  • Sandra van Brunschot
    • 3
  • Marja A. Boermeester
    • 2
  • Hjalmar C. van Santvoort
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Gastroenterology and HepatologyAcademic Medical CenterAmsterdamThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Department of SurgeryAcademic Medical CenterAmsterdamThe Netherlands
  3. 3.Department of SurgeryUniversity Medical Centre UtrechtUtrechtThe Netherlands

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