Intestinal Trematode Infections

  • Rafael ToledoEmail author
  • Carla Muñoz-Antoli
  • J. Guillermo Esteban
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 766)


Intestinal trematodes are among the most common types of parasitic worms. About 76 species belonging to 14 families have been recorded infecting humans. Infection commonly occurs when humans eat raw or undercooked foods that contain the infective metacercariae. These parasites are diverse in regard to their morphology, geographical distribution and life cycle, which make it difficult to study the parasitic diseases that they cause. Many of these intestinal trematodes have been considered as endemic parasites in the past. However, the geographical limits and the population at risk are currently expanding and changing in relation to factors such as growing international markets, improved transportation systems, new eating habits in developed countries and demographic changes. These factors make it necessary to better understand intestinal trematode infections. This chapter describes the main features of human intestinal trematodes in relation to their biology, epidemiology, host–parasite relationships, pathogenicity, clinical aspects, diagnosis, treatment and control.


Intermediate Host Adult Worm Definitive Host Ventral Sucker Heavy Infection 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This work was supported by the projects PROMETEO/2009/081 from Conselleria d’Educació, Generalitat Valenciana (Valencia, Spain).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rafael Toledo
    • 1
    Email author
  • Carla Muñoz-Antoli
    • 1
  • J. Guillermo Esteban
    • 1
  1. 1.Departamento de Biología Celular y Parasitología, Facultad de FarmaciaUniversidad de ValenciaValenciaSpain

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