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Teamwork and Leadership in the Critical Care Unit

  • Tom W. ReaderEmail author
  • Brian H. Cuthbertson
Chapter
Part of the Respiratory Medicine book series (RM, volume 18)

Abstract

Effective multidisciplinary teamwork and team leadership have been shown as essential for the safe management of patients in intensive care medicine (ICM). Solutions to improve teamwork and leadership have been developed, but with mixed success. It is observed that to improve teamwork in ICM, interventions must reflect (1) the demands and constraints of ICM, and how they influence team behaviour and (2) the specific teamwork skills and behaviours that are associated with safe patient care. Research in ICM shows that effective team leadership is the key determinant of team functioning, and that interventions should focus on enhancing leadership. Yet, simply applying leadership solutions developed in other domains (e.g. aviation) is not appropriate. Specifically, the flow and nature of work, and the changeable and complex construction of teams, means that tools for improving and assessing leadership need to be designed to reflect the very specific constraints of ICM.

Keywords

Teamwork Leadership Training Error Communication 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Social PsychologyLondon School of EconomicsLondonUK
  2. 2.Department of Critical Care MedicineSunnybrook Health Sciences CentreTorontoCanada

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