Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Coronary Arteries
Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging is a safe, noninvasive, and radiation-free modality that provides clinically important information about patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), including cardiac anatomy, function, viability, and perfusion. However, the application of CMR for performing coronary angiography remains challenging as cardiac and respiratory motion need to be accounted for in small and often tortuous coronary artery vessels. In the last two decades novel techniques have been developed to enable and optimize the imaging of coronary artery lumen and vessel wall using CMR. Currently, these techniques are used clinically for a range of specific cardiac applications whilst the widespread use in patients with coronary artery disease is still under investigation. This chapter focuses on the use of CMR for the imaging of coronary arteries in patients with suspected or known CAD or other coronary anomalies.
KeywordsCardiovascular Magnetic Resonance Kawasaki Disease Late Gadolinium Enhancement Compute Tomography Coronary Angiography Significant Coronary Artery Disease
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