Basic Principles of Magnetic Resonance Imaging

  • Martin J. GravesEmail author
  • Chengcheng Zhu


Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a non-ionising, and generally non-invasive, imaging modality capable of producing detailed soft-tissue images in all body areas. This chapter initially describes the basic principles of MRI starting with the phenomenon of nuclear magnetisation and tissue relaxation. The concept of spatial localisation using magnetic field gradients is then explained, followed by a description of the hardware that comprises a typical MRI system. Finally, the standard MRI pulse sequences are introduced together with an explanation of some of the current techniques used to obtain high-quality morphological and functional images of the vessel wall.


Magnetic resonance imaging Basic principles Hardware Pulse sequences 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of RadiologyCambridge, University Hospitals NHS TrustCambridgeUK
  2. 2.VA Medical CenterUniversity of California in San FranciscoSan FranciscoUSA

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