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Imaging of the Rotator Cuff

  • Gabrielle P. KoninEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Imaging plays a critical role in defining the extent of rotator cuff tears, which has important implications in clinical decision making, surgical planning, and prognosis. Multiple imaging modalities are available including magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, ultrasound, computed tomography (CT), and conventional radiographs, and each provides particular advantages. MR imaging and ultrasound are the most commonly used imaging modalities in the evaluation of rotator cuff pathology, as both offer detailed evaluation of rotator cuff tears with MR imaging providing a more comprehensive evaluation. CT provides information about the degree of atrophy and fatty infiltration of the cuff musculature and is useful for preoperative evaluation of the osseous integrity of the glenoid in rotator cuff tear arthropathy. Radiographs are a good initial evaluation indicating whether a massive cuff tear is likely and readily demonstrates the presence of cuff tear arthropathy.

Keywords

Rotator Cuff Humeral Head Rotator Cuff Tear Fatty Infiltration Biceps Tendon 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Radiology and ImagingHospital for Special SurgeryNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Department of Radiology and ImagingWeill Cornell Medical CollegeNew YorkUSA

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