Advertisement

Abstract

The clay minerals are a group of complex alumino-silicates, mainly formed during the chemical weathering of primary minerals. Because of their small size and flat shape, they have very large specific surfaces. There is usually a negative electric charge on the crystal surfaces, and the electro-chemical forces on these surfaces are therefore predominant in determining their engineering properties. In order to understand why these materials behave as they do, it will be necessary to examine their crystal structure in some detail.

Keywords

Clay Mineral Adsorbed Layer Crystal Face Octahedral Layer Black Cotton Soil 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 2.1
    Skempton, A. W. and Northey, R. D. 1952. The sensitivity of clays. Géotechnique, 3.Google Scholar
  2. 2.2.
    Grim, R. E. 1949. Mineralogical composition in relation to the properties of certain soils. Géotechnique, 1.Google Scholar
  3. 2.3
    Coleman, J. D., Farrar, D. M. and Marsh, A. D. 1964. The moisture characteristics, composition and structural analysis of a red clay from Nyeri, Kenya. Géotechnique, 14.Google Scholar
  4. 2.4
    Terzaghi, K. 1958. Design and performance of the Sasumua dam. Proc. Inst. Civil Eng., 9.Google Scholar
  5. 2.5
    Lambe, T. W. and Martin, R. T. 1955. Composition and engineering properties of soil. Proc. Highways Res. Board, 34.Google Scholar
  6. 2.6
    Bjerrum, L. 1954. Geotechnical properties of Norwegian marine clays. Géotechnique, 4.Google Scholar
  7. 2.7
    Perrin, R. M. S. 1971. The clay mineralogy of British sediments. The Mineralogical Society, London.Google Scholar
  8. 2.8
    Weaver, C. E. and Pollard, L. D. 1973. The chemistry of clay minerals. Developments in Sedimentology, 15.Google Scholar
  9. 2.9
    Farrar, D. M. and Coleman, J. D. 1967. The correlation of surface area with other properties of 19 British clay soils. J. Soil Science, 18.Google Scholar
  10. 2.10
    Gillot, J. E. 1968. Clay in engineering geology. Elsevier, Amsterdam.Google Scholar
  11. 2.11
    Avery, B.W. and Bullock, P. 1977. Mineralogy of clayey soils in relation to soil classification. Soil Survey Technical Monograph No. 10, Rothamsted Experimental Station.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. R. Scott
    • 1
  1. 1.The City UniversityLondonEngland

Personalised recommendations