Amongst people with mental handicap, those with Down Syndrome are the largest group with a single known condition. It was first identified just over 120 years ago in 1866 (although it has almost certainly existed for longer) by Dr John Langdon Down who, working in a mental handicap hospital in the south of England, noticed a group of his patients who in some respects looked very much like one another. He was also interested in what he saw as the similarity between his patients and different racial groups, describing the Caucasian, Ethiopian and the Malay variety, but his greatest interest was in the ‘Mongolian variety’, and the name ‘mongol’ has been replaced only in the last 15 years or so by the name Down Syndrome.
KeywordsYoung People Young Woman Down Syndrome Young Person Handicapped Child
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