Advertisement

Speciation and Morphological Differentiation in the Genus Lemur

  • Ian Tattersall
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Primatology book series (AIPR)

Abstract

The event of speciation, the establishment of definitive genetic isolation between sister populations, remains the “black box” of genetics, and by extension of the systematic sciences. What we know about this event serves principally to underline how difficult it is to know whether definitive genetic disruption between closely related populations has actually occurred. It is fairly well agreed that in mammals speciation appears to require the physical division of a parental population. But the genetic mechanisms underlying such events may take place on one or more of many different genomic levels, gross karyotypic and below. Moreover, speciation is not simply a passive correlate of morphological differentiation: Speciation corresponds to no specifiable degree of morphological shift.

Keywords

Fossil Record Morphological Differentiation Cranial Base Lemur Catta Temporal Fossa 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Eaglen, R. H. 1983. Parallelism, parsimony and the phylogeny of Lemuridae. Int. J. Primatol. 4:249–274.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Groves, C. P., and Eaglen, R. H. 1988. Systematics of the Lemuridae (Primates, Strepsirhini)./. Hum. Evol. 17:513–538.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Hamilton, A. E., and Buettner-Janusch, J. 1977. Chromosomes of Lemuriformes, III. The genus Lemur: karyotypes of species, subspecies and hybrids. Ann N.Y. Acad. Sci. 293:125–159.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Hamilton, A. E., Tattersall, I. Sussman, R. W., and Buettner-Janusch, J. 1980. Chromosomes of Lemuriformes, VI. Comparative karyology of Lemur fulvus: a G-banded karyotype of Lemur fulvus mayottensis (Schlegel, 1866). Int. J. Primatol. 1: 81–93.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Harcourt, C., and Thornback, J. 1990 Lemurs of Madagascar and the Comoros. The IUCN Red Data Book. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, England.Google Scholar
  6. Maddison, W., and Maddison, D. 1989. MacClade, test version 2.97.36. Computer program distributed by authors.Google Scholar
  7. Mayr, E. 1942. Systematics and the Origin of Species. Columbia University Press, New York.Google Scholar
  8. Paterson, H. 1978. More evidence against speciation by reinforcement. S Afr. J. Sci 74:369–371.Google Scholar
  9. Paterson, H. 1985. The recognition concept of species, in: E. S. Vrba (ed.), Species and Speciation . Transvaal Museum Monograph4, pp. 21–29. Transvaal Museum, Pretoria.Google Scholar
  10. Ratomponirina, C., Brun, B., and Rumpler, Y. 1988. Synaptonemal complexes in Robertsonian translocation heterozygotes in lemurs. Kew Chromosome Conferences, Vol. III, pp. 65–73. HMSO, London.Google Scholar
  11. Rumpler, Y. 1975. The significance of chromosomal studies in the systematics of the Malagasy lemurs, in: I. Tattersall and R. W. Sussman (eds.), Lemur Biology, pp. 25–40. Plenum Press, New York.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Rumpler, Y. 1990. Systématique des lémuriens, in: J.J Roeder and J. R. Anderson (eds.), Primates-Recherches Actuels, pp. 13–22. Masson and Cie. Pans.Google Scholar
  13. Simons, E. L., and Rumpler, Y. 1988. Eulemur: New generic name for species of Lemur other than Lemur catta. C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris, ser III 307:547–551.Google Scholar
  14. Swofford, D. 1989. PAUP (Phylogenetic Analysis Using Parsimony), version 3.0A. Computer program distributed by author.Google Scholar
  15. Tattersall, I. 1982. The Primates of Madagascar. Columbia University Press, New York.Google Scholar
  16. Tattersall, I. 1989. The roles of ecological and behavioral observation in species recognition among primates. Hum. Evol. 4:117–124.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Tattersall, I. 1992. Systematic vs. ecological diversity: the example of the Malagasy primates, in: N. Eldredge, (ed.), Systematics, Ecology and the Biodiversity Crisis, pp. 25–39. Columbia University Press, New York.Google Scholar
  18. Tattersall, I., and Schwartz, J. H. 1991. Phylogeny and nomenclature in the “Lmwr-group” of Malagasy strepsirhine primates. Anthrop. Pap Am Mus. Nat. Hist. 69:1–18.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ian Tattersall
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of AnthropologyAmerican Museum of Natural HistoryNew YorkUSA

Personalised recommendations