Alcohol pp 221-229 | Cite as

Fetal Effects of Maternal Alcohol Use

  • Norman S. Miller
  • Mark S. Gold
Part of the Drugs of Abuse a Comprehensive Series for Clinicians book series (DOAC, volume 2)


It has been generally accepted that alcohol in heavy doses produces birth defects. In July 1981, the Surgeon General of the United States issued an advisory on drinking during pregnancy: “Each patient should be told about the risk of alcohol consumption during pregnancy, and advised not to drink alcoholic beverages and to be aware of the alcoholic contents of foods and drugs.”1,2, 21, 22, 28


Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Moderate Alcohol Consumption Fetal Abnormality Maternal Alcohol Fetal Effect 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Norman S. Miller
    • 1
  • Mark S. Gold
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Cornell University Medical CollegeWhite PlainsUSA
  2. 2.Fair Oaks HospitalSummitUSA
  3. 3.Delray BeachUSA

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