Alcohol pp 1-10 | Cite as

Introduction and History

  • Norman S. Miller
  • Mark S. Gold
Part of the Drugs of Abuse a Comprehensive Series for Clinicians book series (DOAC, volume 2)


Alcoholism is less accepted as a disease than mental illness by the general public and the medical community. Various forms of mental illness are now considered true diseases; schizophrenia and manic-depressive illnesses are currently diagnosed and treated as disorders whose roots are from biochemical origins in the brain. The evidence for this contention is derived from animal research and response to pharmacological agents in these disorders.1


Mental Illness Moral Problem Drive State Neurochemical Basis Biochemical Origin 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Kaplan HI, Sadock BJ: Synopsis of Psychiatry: Behavioral Sciences Clinical Psychiatry, 5th Ed., Baltimore, Williams and Wilkins, 1988.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Jellinek EM: The Disease Concept of Alcoholism. New Haven, CT, College and University Press, in association with Hillhouse Press, New Brunswick, NJ, 1960.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Vaillant GE: The Natural History of Alcoholism: Causes, Patterns and Paths to Recovery. Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press, 1983.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Heizer JE, Robins LN, Taylor JR et. al: The extent of long-term moderate drinking among alcoholics discharged from medical and psychiatric treatment facilities. N Eng J Med, 1985; 312:1678–1682.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Guze SB, Cloninger R, Martin R, Clayton PJ: Alcoholism as a medical disorder, in Alcoholism and Outcome, Rose, RM, Barrett, J, eds.: New York, Raven Press, 1988.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Gordes B: Guest editorial: The disease concept of alcoholism. The Psychiatric Hospital, 1989; 201:151–152.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Adams RP, Victor M: Principles of Neurology, 3rd ed. New York, McGraw-Hill, 1985.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Miller NS, Millman RB: A common cause of alcoholism. J. of Substance Abuse Treatment, 1989; 41-43.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Milam JR, Ketcham, K: Under the Influence. Seattle, WA, Madrona Publishers, 1981.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Norman S. Miller
    • 1
  • Mark S. Gold
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Cornell University Medical CollegeWhite PlainsUSA
  2. 2.Fair Oaks HospitalSummitUSA
  3. 3.Delray BeachUSA

Personalised recommendations