In 1933 R.J. Williams and his research team isolated from a variety of biological materials an acidic substance that acted as a growth factor for yeast. Williams named the substance pantothenic acid because of its apparently widespread occurrence (Greek pantos, everywhere). Pantothenic acid was recognized as a vitamin for animals in 1939, when Jukes and Wooley independently reported that pantothenic acid isolated in pure form from liver by R.J. Williams was identical with a chick antidermatitis factor first described by Norris and Ringrose in 1930. The biochemical role of pantothenic acid as a constituent of coenzyme A was identified by Lipmann in 1947.


Pantothenic Acid Acyl Carrier Protein Royal Jelly Microbiological Assay Calcium Pantothenate 
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© G.F.M. Ball 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. F. M. Ball
    • 1
  1. 1.Windsor, BerkshireEngland

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