Nutritional status and the ability of an individual to respond to deficiency and excess of available food are determined by genetic inheritance and isoenzyme constitution. The nutrition of the mother prior to and during pregnancy and that of the individual throughout intrauterine development and from birth to the time of assessment as well as age, sex, culture, geographical and socioeconomic factors may each be significant determinants.
KeywordsPhysical Activity Body Composition Physical Activity Level Lean Body Mass Total Energy Expenditure
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