The Skin

  • David R. Bickers


The skin is a marvelous organ that functions as one of the body’s major interfaces with the environment and, in that anatomic position, has at least two major functional requirements. First, it must provide a protective barrier that severely limits the ability of potentially toxic agents in the environment to penetrate into the body where injurious effects can occur. Conversely, the skin must also limit the egress of essential body constituents into the environment. The second major functional requirement for this organ is sufficient flexibility and elasticity to permit maximum freedom of movement while simultaneously possessing enough tensile strength to resist tearing by physical forces in the environment.


Stratum Corneum Hair Follicle Sweat Gland Percutaneous Absorption Eccrine Sweat Gland 
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Recommended Readings

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • David R. Bickers

There are no affiliations available

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