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Effects of Abstinence from Tobacco

A Critical Review
  • John R. Hughes
  • Stephen T. Higgins
  • Dorothy Hatsukami

Abstract

Many smokers, ex-smokers, and scientists have strong opinions about the effects of abstinence from tobacco. Some believe the effects are mild, are not true withdrawal phenomena, and have little to do with the inability of smokers to stop. Others believe abstinence effects can produce significant distress, are similar to the classical withdrawal syndromes of opiates and sedatives, and account for much of the inability of smokers to stop.

Keywords

Smoking Cessation Withdrawal Syndrome Rebound Effect Smokeless Tobacco Nicotine Withdrawal 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • John R. Hughes
    • 1
  • Stephen T. Higgins
    • 1
  • Dorothy Hatsukami
    • 2
  1. 1.Departments of Psychiatry, Psychology, and Family PracticeUniversity of VermontBurlingtonUSA
  2. 2.Departments of Psychiatry and PsychologyUniversity of MinnesotaMinneapolisUSA

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