New Cardioactive Steroid Saponins and Other Glycosides from Mexican Tribulus cistoides

  • Hans Achenbach
  • Harald Hübner
  • Melchior Reiter
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 404)


The genus Tribulus of the Zygophyllaceae comprises about 20 species which grow as shrubs or herbs in subtropical areas around the world1,2. Among the Tribulus species, only T. terrestris has been investigated phytochemically3–6. This plant is known in South Africa and the USA to be toxic for sheep and causes major economic damage2,7. On the other hand, T. terrestris is used in Ayurvedic medicine against various diseases8 and its extract constitutes the active component of a medicine traded in Bulgaria9,10.


Aerial Part Root Extract Sugar Moiety MeOH Extract Positive Inotropic Effect 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hans Achenbach
    • 1
  • Harald Hübner
    • 1
  • Melchior Reiter
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Pharmacy and Food Chemistry Department of Pharmaceutical ChemistryUniversity of ErlangenErlangenGermany

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