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Steroid and Triterpenoid Oligoglycosides of Marine Origin

  • L. Minale
  • M. Iorizzi
  • E. Palagiano
  • R. Riccio
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 404)

Abstract

Saponins have been considered for along time typical metabolites of plant origin. It has been only in the last two decades that the world-wide investigation of marine organisms as sources of new bioactive metabolites disclosed the wide distribution of these molecules also among marine animals. Today saponins are recognized as the most common characteristic metabolites in two classes of the phylum Echinodermata (Holothuroidea and Asteroidea). Furthermore, several steroid and triterpenoid oligoglycosides have been isolated from different species of marine sponges, more rarely Anthozoans, and also from fishes of the genus Pardachirus, where they have been shown to act as shark repellents. This communication offers a general view of the distribution of steroid andtriterpenoidoligoglycosides among marine organisms and focuses on a number of recent examples to discuss structural characteristics, biological activities, and methods of investigation.

Keywords

Marine Sponge Steroidal Saponin Marine Natural Product Steroidal Glycoside Triterpenoid Glycoside 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. Minale
    • 1
  • M. Iorizzi
    • 1
  • E. Palagiano
    • 1
  • R. Riccio
    • 1
  1. 1.Dipartimento di Chimica delle Sostanze NaturaliUniversità degli Studi di Napoli Federico IINapoliItaly

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