An Integrative Two-Factor Model of Post-Traumatic Stress

  • George S. EverlyJr.
Part of the The Springer Series on Stress and Coping book series (SSSO)


As noted earlier, Part I of this text is dedicated to analyzing traumatic stress from conceptual, historical, biological, and psychological perspectives. The preceding chapters have addressed the broader issues. Chapter 1 introduced psychotraumatology as an overarching concept within which to examine traumatic stress and its related phenomena, and Chapter 2 provided a detailed historical perspective on traumatic stress. The purpose of this chapter is to provide the reader with a conceptually integrative model of the post-traumatic stress phenomenon. The primary goal of such a phenomenological model is not to provide an exhaustive microanalysis, but rather to offer one possible overarching integrative perspective on the biological and psychological constituents of post-traumatic stress. This perspective will serve as an engendering foundation or point of integration for the more exhaustive and detailed microanalyses that will follow in subsequent chapters. Further, an integrative model may provide a framework within which to capture the “heterogeneity” of PTSD (Kolb, 1989). Such a conceptual amalgamation is likely to have clinical as well as heuristic value; it will also be used as a unifying theme in the remaining text.


Irritable Bowel Syndrome Traumatic Event Limbic System Traumatic Stress Emotional Memory 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • George S. EverlyJr.
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.International Critical Incident Stress FoundationEllicott CityUSA
  2. 2.Union Memorial HospitalBaltimoreUSA
  3. 3.Department of PsychologyLoyola CollegeBaltimoreUSA

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