Theoretical and Empirical Issues in the Treatment of PTSD in Vietnam Veterans

  • John A. Fairbank
  • Robert A. Nicholson
Part of the The Springer Series on Stress and Coping book series (SSSO)


Controlled group studies on the effectiveness of psychological and pharmacological approaches to treating post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in Vietnam combat veterans have not yet appeared in the literature. However, numerous articles in recent years have provided theoretical rationales and descriptive summaries of various treatment approaches, primarily based upon psychodynamic (Horowitz, 1973, 1974; Horowitz & Kaltreider, 1980), behavioral (Keane, Fairbank, Caddell, Zimering, & Bender, 1985; Keane, Zimering, & Caddell, 1985), and psychobiological (van der Kolk, Greenberg, Boyd, & Krystal, 1985) models for conceptualizing the treatment of combat-related PTSD. The present chapter will review these theoretical approaches and the treatment techniques that have evolved from each. In addition, this review will examine some of the current trends in PTSD treatment research and speculate on the future direction of research on treatment of combat-related PTSD in Vietnam veterans.


Conditioned Stimulus Behavior Therapy Traumatic Event Inescapable Shock Vietnam Veteran 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • John A. Fairbank
    • 1
  • Robert A. Nicholson
    • 2
  1. 1.Research Triangle InstituteResearch ParkUSA
  2. 2.Department of Veterans Affairs Medical CenterUniversity of Mississippi Medical CenterJacksonUSA

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