Biological Approaches to the Diagnosis and Treatment of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

  • Matthew J. Friedman
Part of the The Springer Series on Stress and Coping book series (SSSO)


Biological approaches to the diagnosis and treatment of PTSD are receiving increasing attention from scientists and clinicians. Research findings appear to suggest that patients with PTSD display marked abnormalities in sympathetic nervous system arousal, in hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical function, in the endogenous opioid system, and in the physiology of sleep and dreaming. Such results enable. us to expand our theoretical understanding of PTSD from a purely psychological context to a bio-psycho-social model in which many different factors contribute to the pathology of PTSD.


Panic Disorder Panic Disorder Inescapable Shock Dexamethasone Suppression Test Ptsd Patient 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Matthew J. Friedman
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Veterans Affairs Medical and Regional Office CenterNational Center for PTSDWhite River JunctionUSA
  2. 2.Dartmouth College Medical SchoolHanoverUSA

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