The etiology of hypertension remains unknown, but we do know one clearly established fact: No single cause is responsible. High blood pressure is the end result of several factors, both genetic and environmental, that may be quantitatively and qualitatively different for different individuals. It is thus a heterogeneous process. Furthermore, blood pressure distribution is continuous in the population with no clear separation between normal and raised blood pressure. Any definition of hypertension is thus quite arbitrary.


Behavioral Medicine Ambulatory Blood Pressure Mental Arithmetic Psychosomatic Medicine Blood Pressure Change 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas G. Pickering
    • 1
  1. 1.Cardiovascular CenterThe New York Hospital-Cornell University Medical CollegeNew YorkUSA

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