An “internal labor market” (ILM) is an abstraction that can cover a wide variety of different employment conditions. Different types of ILM develop as a function of the external labor markets (ELMs) in which the particular ILMs are embedded and as a function of the specific administrative arrangements that are characteristic of particular organizations (Bills, 1987). The extent to which an “establishment” or separate production unit of an organization exhibits characteristic attributes of an ILM has been also been shown to depend on the size of the establishment within which the ILM operates, the type of technology employed, whether the establishment is linked to other establishments through a branch network, and the extent of firm-specific training (Baron et al., 1986). In addition, local factors such as the proportions of professional and managerial jobs, the extent of establishment-specific training, the type and degree of unionization, and sexual stereotyping of jobs also influence the final form of the ILM.
KeywordsOccupational Group Exit Rate Salaried Employee Internal Labor Market Vacant Position
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