Fatigue pp 415-426 | Cite as

Fatigue of Jaw Muscles and Speech Mechanisms

  • T. S. Miles
  • M. A. Nordstrom
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 384)

Abstract

Histochemical studies show that the distribution of fiber types in human jaw muscles is different from that in various limb muscles, no doubt representing different functional demands as well as a different embryological derivation. Jaw-closing muscles appear more resistant to fatigue than limb muscles with intermittent maximal contractions. Endurance of continuous isometric biting is limited by pain. Masseter motor unit fatigability in sub-maximal contractions is similar to the limb muscles. There are few physiological data for the jaw-opening muscles. The distribution of fiber types in human speech muscles is consistent with the high speeds of contraction that must be used in phonation. Although clinical syndromes of fatigue of speech muscles are recognized, there is little direct information on the fatigability of the muscle fibers themselves.

Keywords

Motor Unit Limb Muscle Masticatory Muscle Bite Force Single Motor Unit 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Asmussen E (1979). Muscle fatigue. Medicine Science and Sports 11, 313–321.Google Scholar
  2. Bredman JJ, Weijs WA, Moorman AMF (1990). Expression of “cardiac specific” myosin heavy chain in rabbit cranial muscles. In Marechal G, Carraro U (eds.), Muscles and Motility, pp. 329-335. Andover, Hampshire, Intercept.Google Scholar
  3. Burke RE (1981). Motor units: anatomy, physiology, and functional organization. In: Brookhart JM, Mountcastle VB (sec. eds.), Brooks VB (vol. ed.), Handbook of Physiology, sec. 1, vol. II, pt 1, The Nervous System: Motor Control, pp. 345-422. Bethesda, MD: American Physiological Society.Google Scholar
  4. Christensen LV (1979). Some subjective-experimental parameters in experimental tooth clenching in man. Journal of Oral Rehabilitation 6, 119–136.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Christensen LV & Mohamed SE (1983). The possible activity of large and small jaw muscle units in experimental tooth clenching in man. Journal of Oral Rehabilitation 10, 519–525.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Christensen LV, Mohamed SE & Rugh JD (1985). Isometric endurance of the human masseter muscle during consecutive bouts of tooth clenching. Journal of Oral Rehabilitation 12, 509–514.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Claassen H & Werner JA (1992). Fiber differentiation of the human laryngeal muscles using the inhibition reactivation myofibrillar ATPase technique. Anatomy and Embryology 186, 341–346.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Clark GT & Adler RC (1987). Retrusive endurance, fatigue and recovery of human jaw muscles at various isometric force levels. Archives of oral Biology 32, 61–65.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Clark GT, Beemsterboer PL & Jacobsen R (1984). The effect of sustained submaximal clenching on maximum bite force in myofascial pain dysfunction patients. Journal of Oral Rehabilitation 11, 387–391.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Clark GT & Carter MC (1985). Electromyographic study of human jaw-closing muscle endurance, fatigue and recovery at various isometric force levels. Archives of oral Biology 30, 563–569.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Clark GT, Carter, MC & Beemsterboer PL (1988). Analysis of myoelectric signals in human jaw closing muscles at various isometric force levels. Archives of oral Biology 33, 833–837.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Cooper DS & Rice DH (1990). Fatigue resistance of canine vocal fold muscle. Annals of Otolaryngology Rhinology and Laryngology 99, 228–233.Google Scholar
  13. Dubowitz V & Brooke MH (1973). Muscle Biopsy-A Modern Approach. London: Saunders.Google Scholar
  14. Eberstein A & Beattie B (1985). Simultaneous measurement of muscle conduction velocity and EMG power spectrum changes during fatigue. Muscle & Nerve 8, 768–773.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Edstrom L & Grimby L (1986). Effect of exercise on the motor unit. Muscle & Nerve 9, 104–126.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Eriksson P-O, Eriksson A, Ringquist M & Thornell L-E (1981). Special histochemical muscle-fibre characteristics of the human lateral pterygoid muscle. Archives of oral Biology 26, 495–507.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Eriksson P-O, Eriksson A, Ringquist M & Thornell L-E (1982). Histochemical fibre composition of the human digastric muscle. Archives of oral Biology 27, 207–215.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Eriksson P-O & Thornell L-E (1983). Histochemical and morphological muscle-fibre characteristics of the human masseter, the medial pterygoid and temporal muscles. Archives of oral Biology 28, 781–795.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Garnett RAF, O’Donovan MJ, Stephens JA & Taylor A (1978). Motor unit organisation of human medial gastrocnemius. Journal of Physiology (London) 287, 33–43.Google Scholar
  20. Gibbs CH, Mahan PE, Mauderli A, Lundeen HC & Walsh EK (1986). Limits of human bite strength. Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry 56, 226–229.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Goldberg LJ & Derfler B (1977). Relationship among recruitment order, spike amplitude, and twitch tensions of single motor units in human masseter muscle. Journal of Neurophysiology 40, 879–890.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. Goslow GE, Cameron WE & Stuart DG (1977). The fast twitch motor units of cat ankle flexors. 1. Tripartite classification on basis of fatigability. Brain Research 134, 35–46.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Hamm TS, Nemeth PM, Solanki L, Gordon DA, Reinking RM & Stuart DG (1988). Association between biochemical and physiological properties in single motor units. Muscle & Nerve 11, 245–254.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Hoh JFY, Hughes S, Kang LDH, Rughani A & Qin H (1993). The biology of cat jaw-closing muscle cells. Journal of Computer-Assisted Microscopy 5, 65–70.Google Scholar
  25. Koufman JA & Blalock PD (1988). Vocal fatigue and dysphonia in the professional voice user. Laryngoscope 98, 493–498.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Kroon GW, Naeije M & Hansson TL (1986). Electromyographic power-spectrum changes during repeated fatiguing contractions of the human masseter muscle. Archives of oral Biology 31, 603–608.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Kugelberg E & Lindergren B (1979). Transmission and contraction fatigue of rat motor units in relation to succinate dehydrogenase activity of motor unit fibres. Journal of Physiology (London) 288, 285–300.Google Scholar
  28. Lindstrom L & Hellsing G (1983). Masseter muscle fatigue objectively quantified by analysis of myoelectric signals. Archives of oral Biology 28, 297–301.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Lindstrom L, Magnusson R & Petersen I (1970). Muscular fatigue and action potential conduction velocity changes studied with frequency analysis of EMG signals. Electromyography 4, 341–353.Google Scholar
  30. Maton B, Rendell J, Gentil M & Gay T (1992). Masticatory muscle fatigue: endurance times and spectral changes in the electromyogram during the production of sustained bite forces. Archives of oral Biology 37, 521–529.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Maxwell LC, Carlson DS, McNamara JA & Faulkner JA (1979). Histochemical characteristics of the masseter and temporalis muscles of the rhesus monkey (Macaca mulatto). Anatomical Record 193, 389–403.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. McMillan A, Sasaki K & Hannam AG (1990). The estimation of motor unit twitch tensions in the human masseter muscle by spike-triggered averaging. Muscle & Nerve 13, 697–703.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Mense S (1977). Muscular nociceptors. Journal of Physiology (Paris) 73, 233–240.Google Scholar
  34. Mills KR (1982). Power spectral analysis of electromyogram and compound muscle action potential during muscle fatigue and recovery. Journal of Physiology (London) 326, 401–409.Google Scholar
  35. Naeije M (1984). Correlation between surface electromyograms and the susceptibility to fatigue of the human masseter muscle. Archives of oral Biology 29, 865–870.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Naeije M & Zorn H (1981). Changes in the power spectrum of the surface electromyogram of the human masseter muscle due to local muscle fatigue. Archives of oral Biology 26, 409–412.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Noden DM (1983). The embryonic origins of avian cephalic and cervical muscles and associated connective tissues. American Journal of Anatomy 168, 257–276.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Nordstrom MA & Miles TS (1990). Fatigue of single motor units in human masseter. Journal of Applied Physiology 68, 26–34.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  39. Nordstrom SH & Yemm R (1974). The relationship between jaw position and isometric active tension produced by direct stimulation of the rat masseter muscle. Archives of oral Biology 19, 353–359.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Palla S & Ash Jr MM (1981). Power spectral analysis of the surface electromyogram of human jaw muscles during fatigue. Archives of oral Biology 26, 547–553.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Ringquist M (1971). Histochemical fibre types and fibre sizes in human masticatory muscles. Scandinavian Journal of Dental Research 79, 366–368.Google Scholar
  42. Ringquist M (1973). Fibre sizes of human masseter muscle in relation to bite force. Journal of Neurological Sciences 19, 297–305.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Ringquist M, Ringquist I, Eriksson P-O & Thornell L-E (1982). Histochemical fibre type profile in the human masseter muscle. Journal of Neurological Sciences 53, 273–282.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Robin DA, Goel A, Somodi LB & Luschei ES (1992). Tongue strength and endurance: relation to highly skilled movements. Journal of Speech and Hearing Research 35, 1239–1245.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  45. Rowlett AE (1932–33). The gnathodynamometer and its use in dentistry. Proceedings of the Royal Society for Medicine 26, 463–471.Google Scholar
  46. Sandercock TG, Faulkner JA, Albers JW & Abbrecht PH (1985). Single motor unit and fiber action potentials during fatigue. Journal of Applied Physiology 58, 1073–1079PubMedGoogle Scholar
  47. Serratrice G, Pellisier JF, Vignon C & Baret J (1976). The histochemical profile of the human masseter. An autopsy and biopsy study. Journal of Neurological Sciences 30, 189–200.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Soussi-Yanicostas N, Barbet JP, Laurent-Winter C, Barton P & Butler-Browne GS (1990). Transition of myosin isozymes during development of human masseter muscle. Persistence of developmental isoforms during postnatal stage. Development 108, 239–249.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  49. Stephens JA & Usherwood TP (1977). The mechanical properties of human motor units with special reference to their fatiguability and recruitment threshold. Brain Research 125, 91–97.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Tamari JW, Tomey GT, Ibrahim MZM, Baraka A, Jabbur SJ & Bahuth N (1973). Correlative study of the physiologic and morphologic characteristics of the temporal and masseter muscles of the cat. Journal of Dental Research 52, 538–543.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Taylor A, Cody FWJ & Bosley MA (1973). Histochemical and mechanical properties of the jaw muscles of the cat. Experimental Neurology 38, 99–109.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Thexton AJ & Hiiemae KM (1975). The twitch tension characteristics of opossum jaw musculature. Archives of oral Biology 20, 743–748PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Thomas CK, Johansson RS, Bigland-Ritchie B (1991). Attempts to physiologically classify human thenar motor units. Journal of Neurophysiology 65, 1501–1508.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  54. Van Boxtel A, Goudswaard P, van der Molen GM & van den Bosch WEJ (1983). Changes in electromyogram power spectra of facial and jaw-elevator muscles during fatigue. Journal of Applied Physiology 54, 51–58.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  55. Van Steenberghe D, De Vries JH & Hollander AP (1978). Resistance of jaw-closing muscles to fatigue during repetitive maximal voluntry voluntary clenching efforts in man. Archives of oral Biology 23, 697–701.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Vignon C, Pellisier JF & Serratrice G (1980). Further histochemical studies on the masticatory muscles. Journal of Neurological Sciences 45, 157–176.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Waltimo A & Könönen M (1993). A novel bite force recorder and maximal isometric bite force values for healthy young adults. Scandinavian Journal of Dental Research 101, 171–175.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  58. Waugh LM (1937). Dental observations among Eskimo. VII. Survey of mouth conditions, nutritional study and gnathodynamometer data, in most primitive and populous native villagers in Alaska. Journal of Dental Research 16, 355–356.Google Scholar
  59. Yemm R (1976). The role of tissue elasticity in the control of mandibular resting posture. In: Anderson DJ, Matthews B (eds.), Mastication, pp. 81–89. Bristol: John Wright and Sons.Google Scholar
  60. Yemm R (1977). The orderly recruitment of motor units of the masseter and temporal muscles during voluntary isometric contraction in man. Journal of Physiology (London) 265, 163–174.Google Scholar
  61. Young JL & Mayer RF (1981). Physiological properties and classification of single motor units activated by intramuscular microstimulation in the first dorsal interosseous muscle in man. In: Desmedt JE (ed.), Progress in Clinical Neurophysiology, vol 9, Motor Unit Types, Recruitment and Plasticity in Health and Disease, pp. 17-25. Basel: Karger.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. S. Miles
    • 1
  • M. A. Nordstrom
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhysiologyUniversity of AdelaideAdelaideAustralia

Personalised recommendations