Fatigue pp 227-240 | Cite as

Variable-Frequency Stimulation Patterns for the Optimization of Force During Muscle Fatigue

Muscle Wisdom and the Catch-Like Property
  • S. A. Binder-Macleod
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 384)


Muscle wisdom is the process whereby the activation rates of motor units are modulated by the central nervous system to optimize the force during sustained voluntary contractions. During maximal voluntary contractions the activation rates decline as the muscle fatigues. No similar decline has been observed during submaximal contractions. Subsequent chapters explore the potential mechanisms for muscle wisdom. In this chapter, a historical background on the development of ideas on muscle wisdom is first presented. Next, artificial wisdom, the procedure used to optimize force during an electrically imposed tetanus by progressively reducing the stimulation frequency as the muscle fatigues, is discussed. Finally, recent studies are described in which fatigue was delayed and reduced by the use of variable-frequency stimulus trains that elicit the catch-like property of muscle.


Motor Unit Maximal Voluntary Contraction Muscle Fatigue Voluntary Contraction Apply Physiology 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. A. Binder-Macleod
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Physical TherapyUniversity of DelawareNewarkUSA

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