Fatigue pp 211-223 | Cite as

Emerging Opportunities with NMR

  • L. A. Bertocci
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 384)


Several nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) methods with potential as tools for the study of neuromuscular fatigue are described briefly. 13C MR spectroscopy (MRS) is presented as a means of studying the regulation of substrate (fuel) flux into the citric acid cycle. 23Na and 39K MRS can be used to study the distribution of sodium and potassium ions across the cell membrane. 1H MR imaging (MRI) takes advantage of the relationship between the environment of water 1H and the mechanisms of nuclear spin relaxation to make static and cine images which present spatial (anatomical) information that can be tied to essential physiological, biochemical, or biophysical phenomena of fatiguing muscle.


Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy Apply Physiology Citric Acid Cycle Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Technique 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. A. Bertocci
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute for Exercise and Environmental MedicinePresbyterian Hospital of DallasDallasUSA
  2. 2.Rogers Magnetic Resonance Center, Department of RadiologyUT Southwestern Medical CenterDallasUSA

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