Therapeutic Change on Human Figure Drawings

  • Sidney J. Blatt
  • Richard Q. Ford
Part of the Applied Clinical Psychology book series (NSSB)


There is considerable disagreement about the value of Human Figure Drawings (HFDs) in both clinical practice and clinical research. Adler (1970, p. 52) concluded that

of all available psychological testing instruments, HFDs ... are second only to the Rorschach in frequency of use in hospitals and clinics in the U.S. [Sundberg, 1961]. At the same time, reviews of the HFD literature (Harris, 1963; Roback, 1968; Swensen, 1968) are almost universally pessimistic about the validity of this instrument as commonly used in clinical practice.


Object Representation Female Figure Therapeutic Change Male Figure Constructive Change 
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  1. 1.
    This chapter derives from a paper by Robins, Blatt, and Ford (1991) in the Journal of Personality Assessment.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Scores on the GH and RBT scales for the drawings of the male and female figures were transformed to standard (z) scores and then combined for each subject to give a Total GH and a Total RBT score for each subject at Time 1 and Time 2. Scores for the RBT score were reversed so that negative scores indicate greater deviation from vertical.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sidney J. Blatt
    • 1
  • Richard Q. Ford
    • 2
  1. 1.Yale UniversityNew HavenUSA
  2. 2.Austen Riggs Center, Inc.StockbridgeUSA

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