Therapeutic Change on the Thematic Apperception Test
Change over the course of long-term intensive treatment was also assessed from stories told to the cards of the Thematic Apperception Test (TAT). Cramer (1987, 1991) developed a method for systematically scoring different types of defenses on the TAT—denial, projection, and identification. This chapter examines the hypothesis that constructive change over the course of long-term treatment will be expressed both in the overall diminution of total defenses apparent in the TAT stories and by a shift in the TAT narratives to higher-level, developmentally more mature defenses over the course of treatment—from denial, to projection, to identification.
KeywordsInterpersonal Behavior Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory Therapeutic Change Total Defense Constructive Change
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- 1.Material for this chapter was drawn from articles (Cramer & Blatt, 1990; Cramer, Blatt & Ford, 1988) published in The Journal of Personality Assessment and The Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology.Google Scholar