Therapeutic Change on the Thematic Apperception Test

  • Sidney J. Blatt
  • Richard Q. Ford
Part of the Applied Clinical Psychology book series (NSSB)


Change over the course of long-term intensive treatment was also assessed from stories told to the cards of the Thematic Apperception Test (TAT). Cramer (1987, 1991) developed a method for systematically scoring different types of defenses on the TAT—denial, projection, and identification. This chapter examines the hypothesis that constructive change over the course of long-term treatment will be expressed both in the overall diminution of total defenses apparent in the TAT stories and by a shift in the TAT narratives to higher-level, developmentally more mature defenses over the course of treatment—from denial, to projection, to identification.


Interpersonal Behavior Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory Therapeutic Change Total Defense Constructive Change 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Material for this chapter was drawn from articles (Cramer & Blatt, 1990; Cramer, Blatt & Ford, 1988) published in The Journal of Personality Assessment and The Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sidney J. Blatt
    • 1
  • Richard Q. Ford
    • 2
  1. 1.Yale UniversityNew HavenUSA
  2. 2.Austen Riggs Center, Inc.StockbridgeUSA

Personalised recommendations