Exciton-Related Phenomena

  • Jai Singh
Part of the Physics of Solids and Liquids book series (PSLI)


The interaction of laser light with dielectric and semiconductor materials has been a field of intense investigation since the invention of the laser. In this chapter, the mechanism of the processes of desorption of neutral atoms from nonmetallic crystalline surfaces due to laser irradiation and polymer ablation will be described. Incident pulses of intense laser beams of appropriate frequency impinging on a crystalline surface of nonmetallic compounds (semiconductors and alkali halides), cause the ejection of neutral atoms under certain limited conditions.(1–4) In addition, when a polymer surface is irradiated by the pulse of an ultraviolet laser beam, polymeric bonds are broken and fragments of polymers such as monomers, neutral atoms, and radicals are ejected from the surface.(5–7) The process of ejection of neutral atoms from semiconducting surfaces is called atomic desorption, and that of fragmentation of polymers due to irradiation is called polymer ablation. It is well-established that the origin of both processes is athermal.(1–4)


Laser Fluence Emission Yield Intense Laser Pulse Covalent Electron Laser Sputtering 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jai Singh
    • 1
  1. 1.Northern Territory UniversityDarwinAustralia

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