Advertisement

Family Work in Modern Japan

The Reproduction of Sons and Mothers
  • Louise H. Kidder
  • Nobuko Kosuge
Part of the Critical Issues in Social Justice book series (CISJ)

Abstract

A few years ago a student in our university wrote about the life of a Japanese movie star for her Psychology of Women class. She believed the actress, Miyagi Mariko, personified the “essential mother nature,” even though she was not married and had no children. Miyagi Mariko spent much of her personal wealth building a school for mentally retarded children, and she took pleasure in giving time and attention to the children. The American professor who taught the class wanted to explore the ironies of this case and develop a more structural analysis—had the actress really become a “mother,” her movie career would most likely have been curtailed. Or perhaps philanthropy and good works are different from the daily commitments of motherhood. But the student held fast to her psychodynamic theory, convinced that the actress, a highly successful, resolutely single woman, was still the embodiment of an essential mother nature. On the day for individual conferences, the student came to school wearing a T-shirt that said “MILK” in large pink letters across the front.

Keywords

Japanese Woman Entrance Exam Family Work Youth Affair Japan Time 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. American Demographics, December 1988, Boulder, CO.Google Scholar
  2. Bankart, B. (1989). Japanese perceptions of motherhood. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 13, 59–76.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bestor, T. C. (1985). Gendered domains: A commentary on research in Japanese studies. Journal of Japanese Studies, 11, 283–287.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bestor, T. C. (1990). Tokyo mom-and-pop. Wilson Quarterly, 27-33.Google Scholar
  5. Chodorow, N. (1978). The reproduction of mothering: Psychoanalysis and the sociology of gender. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  6. Condon, J. (1985). A half step behind: Japanese women of the’ 80s. New York: Dodd, Mead, 1985.Google Scholar
  7. Crosby, F. J. (1982). Relative deprivation and working women. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  8. Enomoto, Y. (1989). Liberated men reprioritize. Japan Times, November 30, p. 16.Google Scholar
  9. Fujita, M. (1989). “It’s all mother’s fault”: Childcare and the socialization of working mothers in Japan. Journal of Japanese Studies, 15.Google Scholar
  10. Gilman, C. P. (1973). The yellow wallpaper. Old Westbury, NY: Feminist Press (Reprint of 1899 edition).Google Scholar
  11. Hirsh, M. (1992). Fewer burning late-night oil: Young workers revolt against “corporationism.” Japan Times, April 30, p. 3.Google Scholar
  12. Hochschild, A. (1989). The second shift: working parents and the revolution at home. New York: Viking Penguin.Google Scholar
  13. Hoshi, T. (1987). The Men’s Book for Childcare. Tokyo: Gendai Shokan Pub.Google Scholar
  14. Iwao, S. (1976). Onna no manzokukan—onna no ikigai (Women’s satisfaction—women’s meaning in life). In Nihonjin Kenkyukai (Ed.), Nihonjin Kenkyu: Vol. 3. Tokushu: Onna ga kangaete iru koto (The Japanese: Special Topic: What women are thinking) Tokyo: Taiseido.Google Scholar
  15. Iwao, S. (1992). The Japanese woman: Traditional image and changing realities. Glenco IL: Free Press.Google Scholar
  16. Japan Times (1990). Ministry may start unit to slow birthrate drop. June 13, p. 2.Google Scholar
  17. Japan Times (1991). Survey reveals fear of death by work. June 3, p. 20.Google Scholar
  18. Japan Times (1992a). Official help for shorter work hours. February 2, p. 20.Google Scholar
  19. Japan Times (1992b). Birthrate continues decline for 12th year, January 1, p. 2.Google Scholar
  20. Japan Times (1992c) Working-to-death hotline swamped by calls for help. June 22, p. 2.Google Scholar
  21. Kelly, W. W. (1990). Japanese farmers. Wilson Quarterly, Autumn, pp. 34–41.Google Scholar
  22. Kidder, L. H., Fagan, M. A., & Cohn, E. S. (1981). Giving and receiving: Social justice in close relationships. In M. J. Lerner & S. C. Lerner (Eds.), The justice motive in social behavior: Adapting to times of scarcity and change (chap. 11). New York: Plenum.Google Scholar
  23. Lebra, T. S. (1984). Japanese women: Constraint and fulfillment Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press.Google Scholar
  24. Lerner, M. J., Somers, D. G., Reid, D. W., & Tierney, M. C. (1989). A social dilemma: Egocentrically biased cognitions among filial caregivers. In S. Spacapan & S. Oskamp (Eds.), The social psychology of aging. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
  25. Louis, L. (1992). Butterflies of the night. New York: Tengu.Google Scholar
  26. Mikula, G. (1986). The experience of injustice: Toward a better understanding of its phenomenology. In H. W. Bierhoff, R. L. Cohen, & J. Greenberg (Eds.), Justice in interpersonal relations (pp. 103–132). New York: Plenum.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Mikula, G. Petri, B., & Tanzer, N. (1990). What people regard as unjust: Types and structures of everyday experiences of injustice. European Journal of Social Psychology, 20, 133–149.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Ohinata, M, (1992). Bosei wa onna no kunsho desuka? Tokyo: Sankei Shinbun.Google Scholar
  29. Sato, B. H. (1994). The moga sensation: The initial response of Japanese intellectuals to mass culture during the late 1920’s and early 1930’s. Unpublished manuscript, Department of East Asian Languages and Culture, Columbia University, New York.Google Scholar
  30. Sievers, S. L. (1983). Flowers in salt: The beginnings of feminist consciousness in modern Japan. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  31. Uno, K. S. (1991). Women and changes in the household division of labor. In G. S. Bernstein (Ed.), Recreating Japanese women, 1600–1945 (chap. 1). Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  32. Uno, K. S. (1991). Japan. In J. M. Hawes & N. R. Hiner (Eds.), Children in comparative and historical perspective: An international handbook. Greenwood. Westport, CT: pp. 389-420.Google Scholar
  33. Walthall, A. (1991). The life-cycle of farm women in Tokugawa Japan. In G. S. Bernstein (Ed.), Recreating Japanese women, 1600–1945 (chap. 2). Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  34. Vogel, S. H. (1978). Professional housewife: The career of urban middle class Japanese women. Japan Interpreter, 12, 16–43.Google Scholar
  35. Yoshida, Atsuhiko (1992). Nihonshinwa no naritachi. Tokyo: Seido-sha.Google Scholar
  36. Youth Affairs Administration (1988). Japanese children and their fathers: A comparison with the United States and West Germany. Tokyo: Management and Coordination Agency, Prime Minister’s Office.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Louise H. Kidder
    • 1
  • Nobuko Kosuge
    • 2
  1. 1.College of Arts and SciencesTemple UniversityPhiladelphiaUSA
  2. 2.Temple University JapanTokyo 161Japan

Personalised recommendations