The Pesticide Handlers Exposure Database (PHED): Regulatory Overview

  • Alan Nielsen
  • Patricia Curry
  • Tim Leighton
Part of the NATO · Challenges of Modern Society book series (NATS, volume 19)


The Pesticide Handlers Exposure Database (PHED) has been developed by the PHED Task Force in response to a NACA committee proposal that was originally presented at a 1984 American Chemical Society meeting (Hackathorn and Eberhart 1985) and further discussed in Eberhart et al., (1988). The proposal was to develop a publicly available generic database for estimating applicator exposure. The Task Force consists of representatives from Health Canada, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA), and the National Agricultural Chemicals Association (NACA). PHED contains exposure and related data for a large number of workers engaged in mixing/loading and applying pesticide.


Exposure Assessment Exposure Data Personal Protective Equipment Pesticide Exposure Surrogate Data 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Eberhart, D.C., Day, E.W., Knarr, R.D., Zimmerman, D.M., Nielsen, A.P., Reinert, J.C., and Muir, N.I., 1988, Progress in the development of a generic data base of mixer/loader-applicator exposures, in: “Performance of Protective Clothing: Second Symposium”, ASTM STP 989, S.Z. Mansdorf, R. Sanger, and A.P. Nielsen, eds., American Society for Testing and Materials, Philadelphia, 772–775.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Federal Register, 1992, Notice of Availability of the Pesticide Handlers Exposure Database through Versar, Inc. Wednesday, June 3, 1992. Vol. 57 (107).Google Scholar
  3. Hackathorn, D.R., and Eberhart, D.C., 1985, Data-base Proposal for Use in Predicting Mixer-loader Applicator Exposure, in: “Dermal Exposure Related to Pesticide Use”, R.C. Honeycutt, G. Zweig, and N.N. Ragsdale, eds., ACS Symp. Series 273: 341–355, American Chemical Society, Washington, D.C.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Iyengar, S., Curry, P.B., Nielsen, A., and Leighton, T., 1993, PHED: Where it has gone, Presented at the AgroChemical and Occupational Risk Assessment Seminar in Brussels, 1993.Google Scholar
  5. Reinert, J.C., Nielsen, A.P., Lunchick, C., Hernandez, O., Mazzetta, D.M., 1986, The U.S. EPA’s guidelines for applicator exposure monitoring, Toxicol. Lett. 33: 183–191.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 1986, Pesticide Asessment Guidelines, Subdivision U, applicator exposure monitoring, U.S. EPA, Washington, DC.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alan Nielsen
    • 1
  • Patricia Curry
    • 2
  • Tim Leighton
    • 3
  1. 1.Office of Pesticide ProgramsU.S. EPA, Health Effects DivisionUSA
  2. 2.Chemical Evaluation Division Main Statistics Canada Building Tunney’s PastureHealth CanadaOttawaCanada
  3. 3.6850 Versar CenterVersar Inc.SpringfieldUSA

Personalised recommendations