Biomarker Testing for the Assessment of Populations Exposed to Hazardous Chemicals

  • Michael Straight
  • Robert W. Amler
  • Robert F. Vogt
  • Howard M. Kipen
Part of the NATO · Challenges of Modern Society book series (NATS, volume 19)


A major challenge facing environmental scientists is to accurately document human exposure to hazardous substances and evaluate adverse human health effects which may result from such exposure. Current knowledge in this area suggests that adverse human health effects may be associated with chronic low dose exposure to hazardous substances. These effects can manifest as subclinical organ-system changes that may be detected prior to overt signs and symptoms of disease.


Adverse Health Effect Hazardous Substance Environmental Toxicant Hazardous Waste Site Hazardous Waste Incinerator 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael Straight
    • 1
  • Robert W. Amler
    • 2
  • Robert F. Vogt
    • 3
  • Howard M. Kipen
    • 4
  1. 1.Formerly with (ATSDR)Allergy Respiratory Institute of ColoradoDenverUSA
  2. 2.Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease RegistryUnited States Public Health ServiceAtlantaUSA
  3. 3.Division of Environmental Health Laboratory SciencesCenters for Disease ControlAtlantaUSA
  4. 4.Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences InstituteRW Johnson Medical SchoolPiscatawayUSA

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