Using Immunochemical Methods to Analyze for Biomarkers of Exposure

  • Shirley J. Gee
  • Anne D. Lucas
  • Bruce D. Hammock
Part of the NATO · Challenges of Modern Society book series (NATS, volume 19)


Studies assessing the exposure of workers, consumers, and others to pesticides are among the most costly aspects of assuring the safety of a pesticide. The analysis of samples is a significant portion of that cost (sample collection, sample preservation, transport, sample preparation, instrumental analysis time and data reduction). Information is presented here about an analytical technique that may be useful in providing data at a reduced cost. Immunochemical techniques used in the analysis of drugs and hormones in the clinical laboratory provide analytical information for a few dollars per analysis, whereas typical analytical costs for a pesticide in an environmental matrix may run from $50–$1000 per sample depending on the analyte, matrix and analytical method.


American Chemical Society Triazine Herbicide Immunochemical Method Hazardous Waste Site Immunochemical Technique 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shirley J. Gee
    • 1
  • Anne D. Lucas
    • 2
  • Bruce D. Hammock
    • 1
  1. 1.Departments of Entomology and Environmental ToxicologyUniversity of CaliforniaDavisUSA
  2. 2.Food and Drug AdministrationCenter for Devices and Radiological HealthRockvilleUSA

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