Personality, Social Control, and Drug Use in Early Adolescence

  • Steven S. Martin
  • Cynthia A. Robbins
Part of the Longitudinal Research in the Social and Behavioral Sciences book series (LRSB)


Sociological theories of crime and delinquency have been criticized for failing to take into account biological and personality factors that may predispose people to antisocial behavior (Gottfredson & Hirschi, 1989; Wilson & Herrnstein, 1985). According to these critics, dispositional differences produced by heredity, environmental conditions (e.g., nutrition and lead exposure), and parental behavior emerge and are identifiable in early childhood. It is charged that criminologists who fail to take these dispositional characteristics into account may exaggerate the importance of later social experiences in their explanations of delinquency and crime. Differential association and bonding theories, in particular, have been criticized in this regard.


Social Control Latent Construct Sixth Grade Social Bonding Illegal Drug 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Steven S. Martin
    • 1
  • Cynthia A. Robbins
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Drug and Alcohol Studies, Department of Sociology and Criminal JusticeUniversity of DelawareNewarkUSA

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