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Vitamin D and Prostate Cancer

  • David Feldman
  • Roman J. Skowronski
  • Donna M. Peehl
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 354)

Abstract

An analysis of the rising incidence and mortality rate of prostate cancer reveals the extraordinary importance of this disease in the world. Adenocarcinoma of the prostate is the most common cancer diagnosed in American males, reaching an estimated incidence of 32%, with 200,000 cases of newly diagnosed cancer cases expected in 1994.1 In addition, clinically inapparent prostate cancer is an extremely common finding. Over the age of 80, subclinical prostate cancer is found in approximately 60% of all men.2 Overall, it is estimated that there are 11 million men in the U.S. with lesions within their prostates that are histologically identifiable as cancer.3 Mortality from prostate cancer represents a considerable problem. It is expected that prostate cancer will account for 13% (38,000 cases) of male cancer deaths in 1994.1 This makes prostate cancer the second leading cause of cancer-related death in U.S. men after lung cancer. Mortality rates from prostate cancer appear to be on the rise. From 1970 to 1990 the age-adjusted mortality rate from prostate cancer increased approximately 7 % among U.S. caucasians. Since prostate cancer rates increase with age, as the longevity of the population increases, it is projected that prostate cancer will become the leading cause of cancer and cancer death in men. These observations demonstrate that prostate cancer is one of the major adverse factors in the health of the male population in the United States and for that matter, in the rest of the world as well.

Keywords

Prostate Cancer Prostate Specific Antigen Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia Prostate Cancer Cell LNCaP Cell 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Feldman
    • 1
  • Roman J. Skowronski
    • 1
  • Donna M. Peehl
    • 1
  1. 1.Departments of Medicine and Urology (D.M.P.)Stanford University School of MedicineStanfordUSA

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