ANSI/IEEE Exposure Standards for Radiofrequency Fields

  • James C. Lin
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSA, volume 274)


The fact that exposure to continous, sinusoidal, time-varying, microwave and radiofrequency fields can produce untoward biological effects in human beings has been recognized for some time. Indeed, a sizable volume of studies has suggested that at both low- and high-power levels, exposure to microwave and radiofrequency fields could produce heating of tissues in the body. The thermalization may or may not be detectable using available temperature sensing devices as temperature elevations. Nevertheless, the absorbed energy initiates vibration and rotation of polar molecules in tissue water that would ultimately dissipate in heat.1 This information was instrumental in the recommendation by the United States of American Standards Institute (USASI) to establish in 1966, a power density of 10 mW/cm2 as the standard for human exposure to microwave and radiofrequency fields over any 6-min period.2


Specific Absorption Rate American National Standard Institute Radiofrequency Radiation Specific Absorption Rate Limit Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Field 
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  1. 1.
    S.M. Michaelson and J.C. Lin. “Biological Effects and Health Implications of Radiofrequency Radiation,” Plenum Press., New York (1987).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    USASI, Safety Levels of Electromagnetic Radation with Respect to Personnel, C95.1., USA Standards Institute, New York (1966).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    ANSI/IEEE C95.1 IEEE Standard for Safety Levels with Respect to Human Exposure to Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Fields, 3 kHz to 300 GHz, IEEE, New York (1992).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • James C. Lin
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Illinois at ChicagoChicagoUSA

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