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Evaluation of Electromagnetic Fields in Biology and Medicine

  • Maria A. Stuchly
Chapter
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSA, volume 274)

Abstract

While influences of electricity and electromagnetic fields on biological systems were observed as early as the 18th century (Galvani) and the 19th century (d’Arsonval), and numerous speculations have been advanced since, a rigorous inquiry started after the Second World War. By the mid-seventies a broad range of topics was addressed, including potential health hazards of human exposure to electromagnetic energy. The interest in this field has been to a large extent stimulated by the worker and public concerns and pressures regarding safety of proliferating technologies. The main effort has concentrated in two frequency ranges: power line frequencies (50–60 Hz), and radiofrequencies (RF) and microwaves (from a few kHz to hundreds of GHz).

Keywords

Pulse Magnetic Field Specific Absorption Rate Radiofrequency Radiation Specific Absorption Rate Distribution Wireless Digital Communication 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maria A. Stuchly
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Electrical and Computer EngineeringUniversity of VictoriaVictoriaCanada

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