Practical Control of Non-Ionizing Radiation Hazards

  • Rick Woolnough
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSA, volume 274)


The levels of exposure of individuals to non-ionizing radiation (NIR) within the frequency range of 3 kHz to 300 GHz have been detailed in a number of national standards. Most of these standards within the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) countries are based on the principles of induced body currents for the lower range of frequencies, and the thermal or specific absorption for the higher frequencies.

This paper describes methods of practical control of Non-ionizing Radiation Hazards (RADHAZ) with a view to ensuring an adequate yet flexible approach to RADHAZ control measures throughout NATO. It describes the relationship between RADHAZ and other safety factors associated with typical Radio Frequency Emitting Systems (RFE).

Due to the diverse nature of RFE that may be encountered, identification of the hazards is often difficult. This paper describes an ordered approach to the control of both RADHAZ and secondary hazards which, if ratified, will permit a consistent approach to RADHAZ throughout NATO.

Reference is made in this paper to other NATO Standardization Agreements which may be found to be applicable or of assistance.


Prosthetic Device Medical Surveillance North Atlantic Treaty Organization Procurement Agency Staff Requirement 
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  1. 1.
    Defence Standard 05–74 Guide to the Practical Safety Aspects of the use of Radio Frequency Radiation 1989. Published by and obtainable from: Ministry of Defence, Directorate of Standardisation, Kentigern House, 65 Brown Street GLASGOW G2 8EX.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Draft STANAG 4238 Design Principles for hard munitions against electromagnetic environments NATO Military Agency for Standardization.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    BAe-WAD-RP-GEN-RAD-0140 ISSUE 1 The Control Of Non-Ionising Radiation Hazards Within The Warton Unit R.C.N. Woolnough 1992.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rick Woolnough
    • 1
  1. 1.Military Aircraft Division, Warton AerodromeBritish Aerospace Defence Ltd.Preston, LancashireEngland, UK

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