The Standardization Agreement (STANAG) on the Protection of NATO Personnel against Radiofrequency Radiation
A standard is a general term incorporating both regulations and guidelines and can be defined as a set of specifications or rules to promote the safety of an individual or group of people. Absolute assurances are rarely if ever attainable and specifying permissible exposure limits for different hazards depends on the degree of risk that is scientifically and socially acceptable.1 Among the many factors that go into the development of an exposure standard, the selection of a good scientific biological effects data base plays, quite obviously, the most important role.
KeywordsPower Density Short Exposure Time Specific Absorption Rate Exposure Standard Permissible Exposure Limit
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.M.H. Repacholi, Development of standards — Assessment of health hazards and other factors, in: “Biological Effects and Dosimetry of Nonionizing Radiation: Radiofrequency and Microwave Energies,” M. Grandolfo, S.M. Michaelson, and A. Rindi, eds., Plenum Press, New York and London (1983).Google Scholar
- 2.L. Daily, A clinical study of the results of exposure of laboratory personnel to radar and high frequency radio, U.S. Nav. Med. Bull 41:1052 (1943).Google Scholar
- 4.C.I. Barron, A.A. Lowe and A.A. Baraff, Physical evaluation of personnel exposed to microwave emanations, J. Avia. Med. 26:442 (1955).Google Scholar
- 5.C.I. Barron and A.A. Baraff, Medical considerations of exposure to microwaves (radar), J.A.H.A. 168:1194 (1958).Google Scholar
- 6.S.M. Michaelson, The Tri-service program — a tribute to George M. Knauf, USAF (MC). IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory and Techniques MTT 19:131 (1971).Google Scholar
- 7.M. Grandolfo and K.H. Mild, Worldwide public and occupational radiofrequency safety and protection guides, in: “Electromagnetic Biointeraction. Mechanisms, Safety Standards, Protection Guides,” G. Franceschetti, O.P. Gandhi, and M. Grandolfo, eds., Plenum Press, New York and London (1989).Google Scholar
- 8.NATO STANAG 2345 (Edition 2, first draft) Control and evaluation of exposure of personnel to radiofrequency radiation, MAS (ARMY) 561-1MED (39th Meeting), dated 19 December 1988 (1989).Google Scholar