Self-Focused Attention as a Moderator of LH Effects
With the introduction of cognitive concepts to social and clinical psychology, theorists and researchers have begun to suggest that the individual’s focus of attention may be a critical element in the shaping of cognition, emotion, and behavior (e.g., Carver & Scheier, 1981; Duval & Wicklund, 1972; Gibbons, 1990). They borrow from cognitive psychology the idea that attention selects information for further processing (Anderson, 1990) and suggest that the act of directing attention toward the self (self-focus) may facilitate the processing of the particular types of information needed for translation of intentions into actions. Self-focus helps to decipher the personal meaning of a transaction and enables people to adjust their behavior so that it will promote attainment of their goals.
KeywordsCoping Action Test Task Coping Process Coping Attempt Internal Attribution
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