Coping Strategies as Proximal Mediators of LH Effects
A major issue in the analysis of human LH as a coping process is how people cope with lack of control and the impact of their coping responses on task performance. By coping I mean any and all cognitive and behavioral responses intended to resolve a mismatch between environmental outcomes and the individual’s wants or, at least, to minimize the threat implied by the mismatch (e.g., Lazarus & Folkman, 1984; Lazarus, 1991). These coping responses are shaped by the appraisal of the situation (e.g., goal relevance, controllability) and may have a wide variety of motivational, cognitive, emotional, and functional effects (e.g., Lazarus & Folkman, 1984; Smith, 1990).
KeywordsCoping Strategy Coping Response Mental Structure Avoidance Coping Test Task
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