Measurement of Volume Regulation

Renal Function
  • Bonita Falkner
Part of the The Springer Series in Behavioral Psychophysiology and Medicine book series (SSBP)


Investigation of the involvement of the renal function in behavioral medicine is an area in which little study has been done to date. An overall concept of renal physiology is that the kidneys respond to excesses or deficits in nutrient and fluid supply by excretion or conservation. The kidneys adjust numerous specific functional parameters to maintain total body fluid and electrolyte homeostasis. The kidneys also respond to stimuli mediated through the autonomic nervous system and extrarenal hormonal factors. Unlike the cardiovascular response to similar stimuli which is quite rapid, the renal response to stimuli is slower. Renal adjustments to neurogenic Stressor or altered electrolyte loads will occur over hours to days. Therefore, methodologic issues addressing renal participation in behavior-related disorders will require a design which addresses means of investigating a system which functions under slower stimulus—response rate. This chapter will discuss the basic elements of renal function, and those which may be altered by behavioral factors. The standard methods of evaluating renal function and factors which effect functional variations will also be presented.


Essential Hypertension Renal Blood Flow Urine Flow Tubular Reabsorption Distal Convoluted Tubule 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bonita Falkner
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PediatricsHahnemann UniversityPhiladelphiaUSA

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