Constitutional Factors Relating to Differences in Cardiovascular Response

  • Kathleen C. Light
Part of the The Springer Series in Behavioral Psychophysiology and Medicine book series (SSBP)


It is a common observation in cardiovascular psychophysiology that individuals differ substantially in their physiological responses at rest and most dramatically during behavioral Stressors. For example, one individual may show an increase in heart rate from 60 to 110 beats/min during a mental arithmetic task, while another person shows a much lesser change from 75 to only 80 beats/min. The reasons for these individual differences in response to the same behavioral event are not fully understood, although this topic has been and will continue to be a major research focus in this field. Nonetheless, a number of specific constitutional factors have been shown to contribute to these individual differences in important ways. These factors include age, gender, racial or ethnic group, family history of hypertension, early or borderline hypertension, diabetes, obesity, and aerobic fitness.


Cardiovascular Response Heart Rate Response Blood Pressure Response Aerobic Fitness Mental Arithmetic 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kathleen C. Light
    • 1
  1. 1.Departments of Psychiatry and PhysiologyUniversity of North Carolina at Chapel HillChapel HillUSA

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