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Abstract

Phobias were first included as a distinct diagnostic category in the first edition of the American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-I; APA, 1952) under the heading of phobic reaction. This category was retained but renamed in the second edition (DSM-II; APA, 1968) as phobic neurosis. Subtypes of phobic disorders did not appear until the third edition (DSM-III; APA, 1980), with simple phobia and social phobia each listed as separate categories. These have been retained in the revised third edition (DSM-III-R; APA, 1987).

Keywords

Social Anxiety Social Phobia Panic Disorder Specific Phobia Cognitive Restructuring 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Minna R. Fyer
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryCornell University Medical CollegeNew YorkUSA

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