The Social Networks of Drug Abusers before and after Treatment

  • J. David Hawkins
  • Mark W. Fraser


The term “drug abuse treatment” is, in a sense, a misnomer. Drug treatment programs do not seek merely to stop the illicit use of drugs, but rather to assist people who no longer are functioning effectively personally, socially, or economically in legitimate society and to alter their patterns of living (Drug Abuse Council, 1980:14). In this regard, it has been widely recognized that social rehabilitation services are essential to successful treatment (Bloom and Sudderth, 1971:172; Lewis and Sessler, 1980:120). To be effective, social rehabilitation services in drug treatment should address the social factors that are related to the initiation, maintenance, and return to drug abuse. Unfortunately, there is not yet agreement about how social factors interact in the etiology of drug use and abuse, and how they should be addressed in drug treatment. As noted by the Drug Abuse Council 1980:5:

The underlying social dynamics and problems that lead to drug misuse are so exceedingly complex so as yet to elude totally satisfactory solutions.


Social Network Social Network Analysis Drug Abuse Treatment Network Member Drug Abuser 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. David Hawkins
    • 1
  • Mark W. Fraser
    • 2
  1. 1.Center for Social Welfare Research School of Social WorkUniversity of WashingtonSeattleUSA
  2. 2.Social Research Institute School of Social WorkUniversity of UtahSalt Lake CityUSA

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