Advertisement

Sensation Seeking, Anxiety, and Risk Taking in the Israeli Context

  • Steven E. Hobfoll
  • T. Rom
  • Bernard Segal

Abstract

Sensation seeking may be viewed as the need or tendency for individuals to seek novel or risky stimulating experiences. Research on sensation seeking suggests that, as a general drive or desire, if other exciting avenues were available to youth, these might also be pursued. For example, a number of studies have shown that participation in risky occupations or sports is related to high sensation seeking (Bacon, 1974; Hymbaugh & Garret, 1974). Sensation seeking may even be related to positive traits of curiosity and self-exploration (Segal, Cromer, Hobfoll, & Wasserman, in 1982 a,b; Segal, Huba, & Singer, 1980).

Keywords

Sport Participation Sensation Seek Preference Inventory Hebrew Version Combat Unit 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bacon, J. Sensation levels for members of high-risk volunteer organizations. Unpublished manuscript, 1974. (cited in Zuckerman, 1976 ).Google Scholar
  2. Berman, Y. Drug Abuse in Israel. Ministry of Social Welfare, Jerusalem, Israel. No. 5432, 1972.Google Scholar
  3. Conger, J. J. The effects of alcohol on conflict behavior in the albino rat. Quarterly Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 12: 1–29, 1951.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Hobfoll, S. E., and Rom, T. Interest and Preference Inventory: Hebrew version. Unpublished manuscript, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beersheva, Israel.Google Scholar
  5. Hobfoll, S. E., and Segal, B. A factor analytic study of the relationship between sensation seeking, trait anxiety, and drug use among detained and adjudicated adolescents. International Journal of the Addictions 18: 539–549, 1983.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Hobfoll, S.E., Anson O., & Bernstein, J. The effect of consecutive ego-threats on high versus low trait anxious individuals. In R. Schwarzer and C. D. Spielberger (Eds.), Advances in Test Anxiety Research, Vol. 2. Hillsdale, New Jersey: Erlbaum Associates, 1983, pp. 81–86.Google Scholar
  7. Hymbaugh, K., and Garret, J. Sensation seeking among skin divers. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 38: 118, 1974.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Margalit, C., Teichman, Y., and Levitt, R. Emotional reaction to physical threat: Reexamination with female subjects. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 3: 403–404, 1980.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Masserman, J.H.,Jacques, M.G., and Nicholson, M. R. Alcohol as a preventive of experimental neuroses. Quarterly Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 6:281–299,1945.Google Scholar
  10. Segal, B. Interest and Preference Inventory. Unpublished manuscript, University of Alaska, Anchorage, 1979.Google Scholar
  11. Segal, B., Cromer, F., Hobfoll, S. E., and Wasserman, P. Z. Reasons for alcohol use by detained and adjudicated juveniles. Journal of Drug and Alcohol Education, 28: 53–58, 1982.Google Scholar
  12. Segal, B., Cromer, F., Hobfoll, S. E., and Wasserman, P. Z. Patterns of reasons for drug use among detained and adjudicated juveniles. International Journal of Addictions, 17: 1117–1130, 1982.Google Scholar
  13. Segal, B., Huba, G. J., and Singer, T. L. Drugs, Daydreaming, and Personality: A Study of College Youth. Hillsdale, New Jersey: Erlbaum Associates, 1980.Google Scholar
  14. Spielberger, C. D. Theory and research on anxiety. In C. D. Spielberger (Ed.), Anxiety and Behavior. New York: Academic Press, 1966.Google Scholar
  15. Spielberger, C. D. Understanding Stress and Anxiety. New York: Harper and Row, 1980.Google Scholar
  16. Spielberger, C. D., Gorsuch, B. L., and Lushene, R. E. Manuel for the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. Palo Alto, California: Consulting Psychological Press, 1970.Google Scholar
  17. Teichman, Y., and Melanik, C. Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory: Hebrew version. Unpublished manuscript, University of Tel-Aviv, Israel, 1978.Google Scholar
  18. Yavetz, R., and Shuval, Y. Use of Drugs Among Adolescents in Israel, Hebrew University, School of Medicine, Hadassah Hospital, Jerusalem, 1980.Google Scholar
  19. Zuckerman, M. Sensation seeking and anxiety traits and states, as determinants of behavior in novel situations. In L. G. Sarason and C. D. Spielberger (Eds.), Stress and Anxiety, Vol. 3. Washington, D.C.: Hemisphere, 1976, pp. 141–170.Google Scholar
  20. Zuckerman, M. Sensation Seeking. Hillsdale, New Jersey: Erlbaum Associates, 1979.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Steven E. Hobfoll
    • 1
  • T. Rom
    • 2
  • Bernard Segal
    • 2
  1. 1.Ben Gurion University of the NegevBeershevaIsrael
  2. 2.University of AlaskaAnchorageUSA

Personalised recommendations